When buying a pre-owned forklift, many buyers be concerned about getting saddled with a lemon. It’s unfamiliar territory, nearly everybody knows things to look for in a vehicle, but how about a forklift? It’s a high priced purchase that you should be reliable for many years. The following is a fundamental checklist you need to look for when buying a pre-owned forklift.
Please note: This short article covers physical inspection of forklift dealers. For advice on selecting a forklift size and type, please see this short article.
It was once a chore, being forced to drive from one factory to another one (often widely spaced in numerous suburbs). Now naturally we now have the world wide web to aid. Most forklift sellers have a website (exactly like that one!), and having the capability to see in advance what sort of units can be purchased is actually a massive time saver. When checking websites, it’s still a good idea to ring the retailer and check there are no unlisted forklifts, often we sell forklifts prior to they are often on the site.
When checking forklifts on a website it can be difficult to discover details but you need to be looking for the following:
No obvious impact damage (scrapes and scratches are ok)
Minimal or no rust
Tyres that aren’t worn out
On site inspection
Since you now have selected several retailers or units to consider, make and appointment and go have a look. This is where it is possible to really get a better consider the used forklift in question. Should you be shopping with a low budget in mind, you should make allowances for any unit that can not meet each one of these criteria, but try to find any problems and inquire the salesman specifically if they can be fixed prior to purchase, especially things which might turn into a safety hazard or stop the system from working.
Please understand that it is a guide only, and dependant upon the age and expense of your unit, you might have to compromise. The most important thing is to A:Get good value and B:Obtain a reliable forklift
Seek out new paint or paint in great condition, preferably with decals (better resale value) and warning stickers (for operator safety). Scratching and scrapes are ok, extensive rust, overspray from bad repainting and enormous dints are certainly not. Check plastics (if any) for cracks or splits.
Open the bonnet and commence the engine. It should start easily and idle smoothly (it will likely be more noisy than a car). Look above and below for engine (black) oil leaks. Check starter motor fires rapidly. Rev engine hard in neutral and look tailpipe once warm for blue or black smoke. Exhaust needs to be minimal if LPG, and totally free of excessive odour.
Raise Carriage to full height (move forklift outdoors if needed). Check lifting speed is steady and constant. Rev engine to increase lift speed then run in idle to ensure it will continue to raise. Tilt back and forward at full extension, engine ought not stall. Shims in tilt mechanism should never move a lot of, carriage really should not be sloppy. Drop down, movement must be smooth and steady, all stages should relocate turn without any jamming.
Check all visible hoses for leaks. Look beneath the forklift for greenish or golden hydraulic oil. Move mast to full tilt and appearance for leaks again while under pressure. Levers should move easily and operation should be smooth for many controls. For hydraulic drive forklifts (Linde), drive back and forward, operation ought to be fast and smooth.
Drive the used forklift around within a tight circle, backwards and forwards. Use brake, inch and accelerator to full extension, check seating position and controls are available.
Seat and Lights
Seat ought to be free from large rips and tears. Seatbelt (if a part of original equipment), should be functional. Flashing light on roof must be working, other lights if fitted must be working but are not essential unless road use is needed. Engaging reverse should trigger beeper or buzzer
All four tyres needs to be evenly worn, with enough usage left about them. Solid and cushion tyres should be free of major tears and damage, Solid tyres should have tread. Pneumatic tyres needs to have adequate air pressure
Diesel/Petrol: Check under tank for cracks. Examine fuel cap area for damage. Check fuel lines.
LPG: Examine tank connector for damage. Check that seals work, no smell our sound should result from pipe. Check pipe for abrasions or marks. Check tank clips for damage, insert and remove tank to make certain it is actually held firmly.
Tynes will be able to slide on carriage, but be held securely in place when clipped in, and not flop about. Check tynes around the used forklift for bending or excessive wear, especially in the ‘heel’ (bend) in the tynes
Battery (Electric only)
Inspect battery for missing caps or damaged leads. Any visible acid ought to be really small, no long term buildup. Check water system (if installed) for leaks. Activate charger and make certain it really works, check outlet plug for damage.
Notes on buying online without inspection
If you are living interstate in the used forklift in question or will be in a rural area, you might be required to purchase on the internet. There is certainly no problem with this particular approach, you just need to be 74dexmpky careful. When emailing a supplier, ask for extensive details and heaps of photos, especially close ups of the motor and mast/carriage. If you can prove to them to your friend or relative with mechanical knowledge. Check against other suppliers for price and condition of units a similar price. Ask about warranty availability, it will always be restricted for interstate purchasing but ensure the salesman understands that you expect reliability and excellent condition and are ready to return the forklift if it doesn’t meet your expectations.